Friday, March 16, 2007

Progressing Cavity Pumping (PCP) System

PCP SchematicProgressing Cavity Pumping (PCP) Systems typically consist of a surface drive, drive string and downhole PC pump. The PC pump is comprised of a single helical-shaped rotor that turns inside a double helical elastomer-lined stator. The stator is attached to the production tubing string and remains stationary during pumping. In most cases the rotor is attached to a sucker rod string which is suspended and rotated by the surface drive.

As the rotor turns eccentrically in the stator, a series of sealed cavities form and progress from the inlet to the discharge end of the pump. The result is a non-pulsating positive displacement flow with a discharge rate proportional to the size of the cavity, rotational speed of the rotor and the differential pressure across the pump.

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